Posts Tagged ‘Fine Rolls’

Conference – New Perspectives on the Scottish Wars of Independence

Friday, June 14th, 2013

A conference, New Perspectives on the Scottish Wars of Independence, is taking place at Glasgow University on 23 August 2013. It features several speakers who have been involved in the Fine Rolls and Breaking of Britain projects. Attendance is free; registration (by 16 August) here.

New perspectives on the Scottish Wars of Independence: Scotland and the governance of England in the thirteenth century

Friday 23 August (Senate Room, Univ. of Glasgow)

9.10 Registration

9.30 Preliminaries

Part I: Government and People in Scotland and Northern England


  • Beth Hartland, ‘The People of Northern England: Cumberland, Westmorland and Northumberland, 1216–1286’.
  • David Carpenter, ‘The King’s Government in Northern England in the thirteenth century’.
  • Matthew Hammond, ‘North of the Forth in the Ragman Roll’.


  • Richard Cassidy, ‘Sheriffs, kings and rebels in Cumberland and Northumberland’.
  • Keith Stringer, ‘Scottish Royal Lordship in the Thirteenth-Century English Borders’.

Part II: English politics in Scotland


  • John Reuben Davies, ‘England in the Chronicle of Melrose’.
  • Fergus Oakes, ‘Alexander III and the Barons’ Wars’.
  • Sophie Ambler, ‘The Montfortian revolution and Scottish political thought’.

Part III: Law and the construction of Scottish independence


  • Alice Taylor, ‘Robert I’s legal reforms, 1318’
  • Sarah Tebbit, ‘The legal context of the formulation of nationhood in early fourteenth-century Scottish texts’

4.45–5.15: Summing up (Dauvit Broun)


Memories of Abbot Eleurius of Pershore: by Michael Ray

Friday, June 7th, 2013

I became interested in Eleurius, who was Abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of Pershore from 1251 until 1264, when I was researching John de Plessis.  Plessis, an obscure Norman alien, became a great man through his friendship with Henry III.  At the time of the disastrous Poitou campaign of 1242/3, Thomas, earl of Warwick, died leaving his sister, Margaret, as his heiress.  She was married to John Marshal but, when he died, Margaret’s marriage was awarded to the widowed John de Plessis who became earl of Warwick in her right.  In 1253 when Margaret died childless, John was permitted to retain the lands of the earldom for life.  He should also have been allowed to keep Margaret’s Oilly barony of Hook Norton for life too.  But, following an investigation, the barony had been adjudged Terra Normanorum and the King was free to grant it in hereditary right to John so that, in time, it would pass to his son by his first marriage.  The investigation had been carried out by the escheator, the Abbot of Pershore, and the sheriff and coroners of Oxfordshire, but it is not clear why they came to their conclusion. There were still Oillys in England but perhaps they adjudged that the nearest claimant lived under the power of France.   It is clear that Eleurius was not a man who stayed in his abbey as he was a fellow curialis of Plessis.  They witnessed charters together in September 1251 and August 1252 and the Abbot witnessed a further eight charters before February 1253. It looks as though royal pressure brought the “right result”.

Abbot Eleurius received more attention in 2012 when David Carpenter, in a paper in the English Historical Review (vol. CXXVII, no. 529, 1343-66), showed that Eleurius was originally a monk from Fécamp Abbey in Normandy who had come to England to manage the abbey’s estates but had entered royal service.  From 1238 he was prior of Fécamp’s priory of Cogges in Oxfordshire.   He may have been responsible for the text of the Flores Historiarum and tried to pursue a middle-of-the-road approach during the upheavals of the period of Baronial Reform.

Passing through Pershore last week, I decided to see if there were any memories of Eleurius.  The Abbey was badly damaged by fire in 1223 and needed rebuilding and there was another fire in 1288.  The only abbatial tomb dates from around 1476 but, in the south aisle, there are two large windows of 1870.  Designed by Canon Wickenden and created by Hardman and Co, they contain fifty-two scenes of the history of Pershore and the Abbey.  One shows Eleurius preaching the crusade to Llywelyn ap Gruffydd.  The quarter-changed red and gold arms with passant lions are held as a banner borne by an armoured knight and set into the ogival head.  Eleurius, in a black robe, is represented in a standing position with another monk before the enthroned red-robed prince who has a page with a hunting hound at his feet.  ( An image of the window can be seen here.)

The Crusade

David Carpenter writes that the Leland Pershore version of the Flores tells how ‘a monk of Fécamp’ became ‘escheator of the king of England over all of England this side of the river Trent’ and, in 1255, he was then sent ‘through all Wales on the business of the crusade and the tenth conceded to the king’, being ‘received by Llywelyn, Prince of North Wales, and other magnates of the same land everywhere honourably’.  David notes that the praise of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd in the Pershore Flores for 1257 echoes Matthew Paris’s sentiments (CM, v. 646–7) and wonders whether it also echoes Eleurius’s views.   In turn, I wonder why Eleurius was chosen to press Llywelyn to become a crusader.  Eleurius was a Welsh name and perhaps he came originally from Wales and had the benefit of being Welsh-speaking.

The Fine Rolls have many entries relating to Eleurius, as Abbot of Pershore, beginning with one in April 1251 enabling Brother Eleurius to have custody of the Abbey, having agreed to pay 132 marks.  His position at court is further confirmed as, in July that year, he authorised the seisin of land in Berkshire and, by  August, he was acting as the King’s escheator in a number of cases.  There are many references to Eleurius in this position throughout the rest of 1251, 1252, 1253, 1254 and 1255.  In September 1255, Eleurius is referred to as ‘sometime King’s escheator’.  In November 1252, for a mere half of a mark, he was granted a royal charter for a market and fair at Pershore.  Then, in 1256, he was pardoned of £19 which he had received of the fines and perquisites of the pleas made before him while he had custody of the king’s manors when he was king’s escheator.  This is the last entry referring to Eleurius.  But even before he became Abbot of Pershore, Eleurius is found in the Fine Rolls.  In January 1248, as Prior of Cogges, he was excused two marks which was due for default before Justice Thirkleby.


Michael Ray

Andrew Bukerel’s fine – a note from Ian Stone

Wednesday, June 5th, 2013

Ian Stone is a research student at King’s College London, working on producing a critical edition of the Liber de Antiquis Legibus, a thirteenth century manuscript written and compiled in London. Ian writes about a discovery in the fine rolls:

As an undergraduate interested in medieval London, I recall reading Gwyn Williams’s study of the capital in the `long thirteenth century`.  I was mesmerised.  Since then, many of Williams’s conclusions have been challenged, but that should not detract from the quality of his writing.  Above all, he had an ability to bring the energy and drive of London in the thirteenth century to the page.  Simply put, it made me want to know more.

So it was that, whilst studying for my MA, I decided to research one of the most prominent families in his work: the Bukerels of London, after whom the road Bucklersbury in the City of London takes its name.  Like any good student of the thirteenth century, my research began with the records – and of course, the Fine Rolls of Henry III are now the most accessible of all of those records.  As one would expect, a family which provided London with at least six sheriffs, five aldermen, two royal chamberlains and one mayor frequently appears in the chancery records.  One of the most enigmatic entries was that to be found on the Fine Roll in November 1221 relating to Andrew Bukerel.  Andrew was the eldest son of Andrew and Idonea Bukerel.  By 1220 he was Henry III’s royal chamberlain in London, responsible for supplying the court with wine, spices, wax and other luxury items.  So close in fact were his links to the court, that he’d actually helped to cover the costs of Henry’s second coronation at Westminster.

In November 1221, we learn that Andrew had fined 4,000 marks with the king, and that his pledges included several noteworthy people, perhaps most interestingly, Hubert de Burgh, the justiciar and effectively regent of the kingdom.  We are not told what this enormous fine was for; it took some further enquiry for me to learn that it was to hold more office – this time as Warden of the Exchanges at London and Canterbury for three years.  This lucrative role would have placed Andrew in charge of the exchange of all the silver coming into the country at these two places.  No wonder the fine was so great.

What this entry on the Fine Roll did show, however, was the company that Andrew was keeping.  Aside from Hubert, his other pledges are five leading citizens of London, including his brother, and later heir, Thomas.  What is clear, then, from this entry is that already by 1221 Andrew was extremely well connected in London.  This must have helped his later career.  He was an alderman of Cripplegate Ward in London.  He was later to serve as sheriff for two years, and mayor for almost six years.  Only three men have ever served as mayor, consecutively, for a longer period.  What we can see in 1221 is that these bonds of connection between leading citizens in London were already formed, and working in one of their interests.

What it further shows is just how close Andrew was to the real power at court, Hubert de Burgh.  This fine was subsequently cancelled, for which no reason was ever given.  One is given to wonder what role Hubert might have really been playing in all this.  Did he cancel the fine, in return for some of the profits of the exchanges of which Andrew was master?  This sort of shady deal would, of course, be one that would be kept hidden from the records.  Every trace of this fine could, however, not be removed from view, and in this one brief entry, there is much to provoke further historical enquiry.

Henry III Fine Rolls Blog Sunday 10 April to Saturday 16 April 1261

Monday, April 11th, 2011

For Henry this was another week in the Tower of London. How he must have wished to escape the confines of the great fortress.  He had not lived there since early in 1238 during  the protests  over the secret marriage of Simon de Montfort to his sister. How right the protesters were, Henry may now have ruefully reflected.  At least Henry could also reflect  that in the intervening years he had transformed the Tower, giving it a new gateway, moat and outer  line of  turreted walls. That was why it could now form the base for his recovery of power. One thinks of Henry III as the builder of Westminster Abbey. Much of the Tower of London, as we have it today, was also his work: the majesty of kingship at Westminster; the might at the Tower. Never, in the whole history of the Tower was that might put to better use than in 1261.

In fine rolls terms this week was business as usual.  Individuals continued to come into the Tower to buy from the chancery the writs to initiate and further the  common law legal actions. Some seventeen were  purchased in this week. Many of these (as in any week)  secured a time and place for a particular legal action to be heard, most often, although this was usually  not specified, before the justices of the bench. (These are the writs of ‘pone’ and ‘ad terminum’ which feature so largely in the fine rolls.)  Other writs  commissioned a particular judge to hear a case in the localities. This week Henry of Bratton received such a commission to hear a case in Somerset. Henry used to be regarded as the author as one of the greatest law books ever written: Bracton on the Laws and Customs of England, although it is now clear he was only its editor and preserver. We can think of him as the proud possessor of the text  at the time of his hearing this assize. The cost of these writs was usually about half a mark,  a third of a pound, which would equate to several thousand pounds in modern money.  So they were not cheap. However, the routine standard form common law writs, which initiated legal actions and simply gave you a place before the judges when they next toured your county, only cost 6d (around £250 perhaps in modern money).  This money went straight into the chancery and was never recorded on the fine rolls.  Doubtless many of these writs were also purchased in this week. Henry himself would   have had nothing to do with this routine business. However, he almost certainly was involved in one act recorded on the fine rolls this week. On 16  April Henry pardoned Ida de Beauchamp the 5 marks which she had been amerced  in the course of a law suit in the previous year.

Outside the fine rolls, this week was vital  in providing Henry with the authority to overthrow the Provisions of Oxford.  On Wednesday 13 April, in Rome, Pope Alexander IV issued the crucial  bull which freed Henry from his oath to observe them. It would be around month before the bull would arrive in England, but meanwhile Henry must have felt his decision to overthrow the Provisions had been amply vindicated.  His attempt  to conciliate Simon de Montfort (revealed in last week’s blog) had proved an utter failure. This was all too clear from the replies to Henry’s complaints against his council which  he must have  received this week or next.  They were unyielding, not so say insulting, and bore all the hallmarks of Montfort’s abrasive hand. So Henry was told ‘it is right and reasonable that whenever you talk sense, you should be heard and listened to as lord of us all’.  The counsellors  also  acknowledged that they discussed and effectively settled matters on their own and only then asked the king for his assent, adding that ‘they do nothing on his sole word’.  Henry might well have cried out, as did Louis IX later when he heard of the Provisions, ‘I would rather be a peasant breaking clods behind the plough than live under a regime of that kind’.

There were indications this week of the way Henry’s mind was working. On 13 April he was munitioning the castles of Corfe and Salisbury with arrows.  On 14 April, he encouraged his Poitevin favourite, Elyas de Rabayne, dismissed as castellan of Corfe and expelled in 1258, to hasten back to England.

William heads the list of most popular male names in the Henry III Fine Rolls

Wednesday, March 16th, 2011

To complement the recent blog on the frequency of female first names recorded in the Fine Rolls for the years 1216-1242, herewith the equivalent male names.

Frequency Name
1217 William
669 John
495 Richard
434 Robert
376 Henry
365 Ralph
351 Thomas
346 Walter
337 Roger
297 Hugh
261 Geoffrey
218 Simon
200 Adam
180 Nicholas, Peter
157 Gilbert
110 Alan
110 Phillip
88 Reginald
83 Stephen
66 Elias
65 Alexander
52 Osbert
44 Eustace
42 Andrew, Matthew
40 Ranulf
39 Michael, Warin
37 Godfrey, Hamo, Jordan
35 Baldwin, Martin
28 Humphrey
27 Gerard
25 David, James, Laurence
24 Herbert
22 Hervey
21 Bartholomew, Luke, Maurice
20 Gervase
19 Fulk
17 Ernald, Eudo, Guy, Josceus, Nigel
16 Benedict, Bernard, Hubert, Isaac, Milo, Oliver
15 Brian
14 Payn
13 Alvred, Edmund, Odo
12 Edward
11 Aymer, Theobald
10 Abraham, Ernisius, Everard, Jacob, Thurstan
9 Aaron, Clement, Giles, Reiner, Waleran
8 Drogo, Gregory, Rolland, Samson, Vincent
7 Bertram, Engeram, Godwin, Jocelin, Lambert, Mosse, Patrick, Richer
6 Ailwin, Amfrid, Augustine, Edwin, Ratikin, Walkelin
5 Alard, Anselm, Arnulf, Bonefey, Colin, Denis, Joel, Llywelyn, Saer, Sampson, Swain, Vivian
4 Ailric, Daniel, Deodatus, Ernulf, Hamelin, Jollan, Osmund, Paulinus, Randulf, Salomon, Samuel, Seman, Sewal, Silvester
3 Ailbric, Albert, Albinus, Charles, Constantine, Fulcher, Leo, Manasser, Norman, Odard, Roland, Savaric, Ursellus, Warner, Wido, Wymer
2 Absolom, Ailmer, Aldr’, Anketillus, Ansell, Archibald, Arnold, Aubrey, Berengar, Bonamy, Bruno, Christopher, Conan, Copin, Dyay, George, Gruffydd, Gwenwynwyn, Hasculf, Herlewin, Hugues, Ilger, Imbert, Joldwin, Joscepinus, Jukell, Lefsi, Louis, Lumbard, Lyulf, Macy, Madoc, Mar’, Marmaduke, Mauger, Orm, Otuel, Picot, Reimund, Reinfrid, Reinger, Reymund, Rhys, Rocelin, Serlo, Siward, Terricus, Theodoric, Urs, Wigan, Wimer, Winneis, Wischard, Wormund
1 Afonso, Acer, Acius, Adrian, Ailfric, Ailif’, Ailmund, Ailred, Ailward, Aimeric, Albizium, Albric, Aldred, Algrym, Alnothus, Aluffus, Alfward, Alpeis’, Alwfyn, Amandus, Amioter, Amis, Ancelin, Ang’, Anger, Angerus, Angevin, Angod’, Anketil, Ansketil, Ansty, Arnald, Arnaud, Arnewic, Ascelin, Askelin, Askell, Askeltillus, Astinus, Athelstan, Aucher, Auclerc, Aunger, Autry, Azo, Baldekin, Baldewar, Bayo, Benjamin, Berner’, Boneme, Brice, Brictmar, Brightulf, Brito, Bron, Buchard, Burward, Cocky, Cok, Costericus, Cradoc, Cundo, Deulobene, Doun, Duncan, Dunstan, Durand, Durant, Duva, Edwy, Eglinus, Eigus, Eilmer, Eiward, Elevered, Elgar, Ellemus, Elwin, Elyaduk’, Engelard, Engeler, Enguerrand, Enjuger, Eston’, Estur, Everwin, Fabian, Fadoc, Falkes, Farramus, Ferrand, Florence, Florent, Flourecoc, Fobert, Folbruth, Fordemus, Fraricus, Frarius, Frayo, Fred, Frederick, Freme, Gemmion, Gerebert, German, Giacomo Piero, Gilmichel, Gimell, Gocelin, Gocius, Godard, Godefeld, Godescallus, Goding, Godric, Gomund, Gospatric, Gosse, Gotel, Graland, Greiland, Griffin, Guala, Guibert, Gundwin, Guner, Gunther, Gwrgeneu, Gymer, Haco, Hacon, Haghemund, Hammecok’, Harekin, Harold, Hascoil, Hasculph, Hay, Heinfrid, Helmewi, Heltonus, Hengest, Hereward, Hilary, Hoel, Honorius, Humbert, Huward, Ingelbert, Innorus, Iorwerth, Isoldus, Jakelin, Jean, Jekell, Jer, Jeremy, Jerman, Joscelin, Josse, Julian, Jurnet, Jurninus, Ketelbert, Lambin, Langus, Lecard, Lefrich, Lefwin, Leon, Leverum, Lisewus, Lithulf, Liulf, Mabba, Mack, Magnus, Maillard, Mainer, Mairin, Malger, Malveisin, Markewart, Mathias, Meer, Meiler, Meredudd, Merus, Odbert, Odinell, Oenius, Oger, Orderic, Orguilus, Ormer, Osa, Otewy, Otta, Otto, Owain, Palmer, Pandulf, Peitevin, Pentecost, Perceval, Picot’, Pinch, Poitevin, Pykot’, Quentin, Randulph, Renauld, Reymond, Rhys, Roald, Rochulf, Roeland, Rogo, Rumfar’, Russell, Saher, Saladin, Salekin, Samar’, Samariellus, Segar, Seignuret, Semarus, Semayne, Sewic, Sigar, Simeon, Sinulf, Solomon, Stannard, Suetrich, Sunnolf, Swein, Thebaut, Theodore, Thibaud, Thorald, Thoreword, Tollanus, Tony, Traher, Tristan, Turgot, Turkild, Turkill, Turswereys, Ulf, Ulfketell, Urban, Urricus, Vigan, Vitalis, Vivard, Vives, Vivon, Wad’, Waldethus, Walding, Walerand, Wales, Walon’, Wandregisilius, Westereis, Wichtmer, Wimarc, Wugan, Wulgar, Wuluric’, Wyard, Wybertus, Wymarc, Wynan, Wyremund’, Ywanus, Wurmund, Zacharias

Female Names in the Fine Rolls from 1242-8

Wednesday, March 16th, 2011

On 20 December I blogged about the frequency of women’s first names in the Fine Rolls from 1216-42. In addition to the 205 names listed on that occasion, I can now add another 36 female first names that occur in the Fine Rolls from 1242-8, bringing the total to 241 for the period 1216-48. These additional names are:


Most Popular Women’s Names in the Fine Rolls

Monday, December 20th, 2010

It’s that time of year when lists of the top ten Christmas gifts for him or her, for kids, for dogs and so forth abound. So, here (I hope) is a much more interesting list, giving very much more than the top ten of the female first names recorded in the Fine Rolls for the years 1216-1242. Enjoy, and Seasons’ Greetings to you all!

Frequency Name
140 Alice
138 Matilda
76 Agnes
69 Margaret
62 Joan
60 Isabella
37 Emma
34 Beatrice
33 Mabel
32 Cecilia
30 Christiana
29 Hawise
27 Juliana
25 Sibyl
21 Rose
16 Sarra
15 Helewise
14 Avice, Eleanor, Eva, Lucy
13 Leticia
12 Felicia
11 Isolda, Margery, Petronilla
10 Ascelina, Edith
9 Phillippa
8 Amice, Elena, Katherine, Mary, Sabina
7 Basilia, Muriel
6 Albrea, Amabilia, Denise, Eustachia, Idonea, Olive
5 Ada, Agatha, Alina, Gunnilda, Gunnora, Hilary
4 Amy, Egidia, Ela, Goda, Milicent, Petronella
3 Clarice, Clemencia, Edelina, Lecia
2 Adelina, Albreda, Alda, Amphelisa, Annora, Avegaya, Barbata, Belina, Berta, Comitessa, Constance, Ermintrude, Florencia, Floria, Frethesenta, Helena, Ida, Ivetta, Lauretta, Nesta, Susanna, Wulveva, Wymarca
1 Aca, Acilia, Alcis, Aldusa, Alexandria, Aleys, Alveva, Alvona, Ang’, Angaretta, Antigonia, Anura, Arniun, Auda, Aude, Azalia, Berengaria, Bertrada, Blitha, Bloye, La, Botilda, Bruncosta, Burgia, Cassandra, Cecily, Celecestr’, Chera, Claremunda, Constantina, Cundya, Cuntessa, Custania, Daya, Dereina, Dervorguilla, Desiderata, Deulecresse, Dulcia, Edilda, Edina, Egelina, Elicia, Elizabeth, Elvina, Emecina, Emelina, Ermengard, Esterota, Eugenia, Euphemia, Flandrina, Flora, Flura, Fluria, Gena, Godhus’, Godina, Godith, Goldcorna, Goldina, Grecia, Guinda, Gundrea, Gundreda, Gunilda, Gymma, Hakelna, Helen, Henna, Huwelina, Imenia, Joye, Kamilia, Langusa, Laurencia, Lesianda, Leuca, Levina, Lina, Liveva, Livinia, Lora, Lye, Mabba, Maciana, Mariota, Mascelina, Maszelina, Maud, Mazelina, Meisenta, Melcana, Mina, Mirabel, Mirabella, Nest, Nichith’, Nicholaa, Nicola,  Nisand, Olencia, Olenta, Orabil, Orient’, Oriolda, Pelaga, Pinc’, Quenilda, Quenina, Richelda, Rosamund, Sarotha, Scula, Sema, Serena, Simunda, Sinolda, Slima, Theda, Truca, Wiviva, Woburg, Ymanea, Yselia

Henry III Fine Rolls Project Launch, 24 November 2010

Wednesday, December 15th, 2010

For those of us in the “engine room” of the project, constantly shovelling coal on the historical fires to prevent the good ship FRH3 from colliding with the iceberg and sinking without trace (I borrow a metaphor here regularly wheeled out by David Carpenter – I kid you not!), the chance to view the dazzling lights of the outside world and to demonstrate our achievements is rare indeed. Such an opportunity arose on 24 November when the project hosted a launch in the wonderfully appropriate setting of the Weston Room, King’s College, formerly the Rolls Chapel of the Public Record Office in Chancery Lane. Over seventy invited guests braved the elements, enticed mainly by the prospect of unlimited wine and canapé privileges, to hear members of the project team, King’s College, Canterbury Christ Church University College and the Arts and Humanities Research Council give various brief talks which set the project and the Fine Rolls in their historical and administrative context and celebrated the project’s contribution to historical and digital humanities scholarship and its place within the wider UK research environment.

The launch principally marked the upload of a large amount of new content to the website, all of which is freely available:

  1. Translations of all the rolls down to 1272.
  2. Images of all the rolls from 1248-72.
  3. A search facility to the rolls now down to 1242.

 It also marked the fifth birthday of the ‘Fine of the Month’ feature, which now numbers sixty articles and has contributed ten of thousands of words of original research on top of the calendars and scholarly introductory material. The event passed very successfully with some particularly kind and encouraging words from Rick Rylance, Chief Executive of the AHRC, and Sir Alan Wilson, Chairman of the AHRC, to whom we were able to demonstrate from the Fine Rolls that Henry III had visited his home town of Darlington on two separate occasions.

 Obviously, events like these require a good deal of planning and arranging, and our particular thanks go to Paul Caton of CCH, who saved us from IT paralysis with about 30 minutes to go before the kick-off (how many historians does it take to turn on a computer?), to the King’s catering staff, and to several King’s MA and doctoral students who were given the unduly onerous tasks by their nameless supervisor of manning the doors and serving the canapés. Unfortunately, our well-laid plan of welcoming Michael Wood and his fabled magnifying glass was foiled when Michael got the days mixed up and arrived at the correct time but on the following day!

 Above all, the launch was the brainchild of David Carpenter. Given the amount of nervous energy he had expended in the run-up to the event, including forcing us to do about seventeen full run-throughs and subjecting the audience to a hideous picture of Yours Truly woofing a fish supper at a chippy in Leeds, he can now rest easy and bask in one of his greatest triumphs.

Members of the Project Team at the Reception on 24 November 2010

Members of the Project Team with Representatives from the AHRC, Canterbury Christ Church University, King's College London and The National Archives

Number Crunching Writs

Monday, November 22nd, 2010


This graph provides a quick demonstration of how entries relating to the purchase of writs become such a major feature of the Fine Rolls during the reign of Henry III. This graph only shows one type of writ – writs ad terminum  – if other types of writ were included, particularly writs of pone and precipe the dominance of writs would be even more apparent. Research into the purchase of writs remains one of the key areas to be investigated.

Welcome to the blog for the Henry III Fine Rolls Project, 1216-1272

Thursday, August 12th, 2010

Welcome to the blog for the Henry III Fine Rolls Project.  We are delighted to announce the publication of our latest Fine of the Month, ‘Beyond respite: a case study in local power and authority during the minority of Henry III’ by Dr Colin Veach, an authority on the de Lacy family and their lands in England, Ireland and Normandy. In this essay, Colin shows how an entry in the Fine Rolls, in this case a mandate that granted Walter de Lacy respite from rendering his shrieval account for Herefordshire in 1219, can offer important insights into the crown’s weakness in the localities at this time, and into the damaging effect which the rivalries between the de Braose, de Burgh and de Lacy families had on royal authority in the Welsh Marches. This Fine of the Month will be of particular interest to those studying the history of the castles of Grosmont (Monmouthshire), Skenfrith (Monmouthshire) and Llantilio (Whitecastle, Monmouthshire), known collectively as the Three Castles.