Archive for March, 2011

The Churches at Potterne and Bishops Cannings in Wiltshire

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Potterne in Wiltshire has but a walk on part in the  ‘fine of the month’ for March 2011.  It was from his manor there that the bishop of Salisbury, Robert of Bingham, on 17 February 1236, issued the charter assigning the money from various amercements imposed by the king’s judges to the fabric fund of Salisbury cathedral, next day travelling some  fourteen miles north east to have the charter confirmed by the king at Marlborough. Then in 1241 it was from Marlborough, perhaps after a visit by the bishop,  that Henry III made a gift of deer to stock the episcopal park at Potterne.

Last Saturday (26 March), my wife, Jane, and I went to Wooton Basset to pick up some Doulton Yorktown china we had bought on ebay. In the afternoon, we went to look at Potterne and another Salisbury episcopal manor at nearby Bishops Cannings.  Both have wonderful thirteenth-century churches, probably the work of Bingham’s predecessors, churches  large and imposing  with transepts and great square towers, precursors of that at the cathedral. They testify to the material wealth and spiritual power of the bishop, yet they are very different in tone. Potterne internally is quite austere, almost Cistercian in its lack of decorative motifs.  Bishops Cannings, on the other hand, abounds in  mouldings, shafts and stiff leaf foliage capitals, all the things one associates with thirteenth-century architecture at its most profuse and engaging.

King Henry III’s Fine Roll Blog

Monday, March 28th, 2011

Easter in this year, 2011, is unusually late, falling on 24 April.  There were in fact only two years in the  reign of Henry III when Easter was on 24  April, and in which, therefore,  the whole calendar was exactly the same as it is in 2011,  with each day of the month falling on the same day of the week.   These years were 1261 and 1272. 1272 was, of course, the last year of Henry’s reign and he did not reach its end, dying on 16 November.  I have decided therefore, in starting Henry III’s fine rolls blog, to take the year 1261, a very dramatic one in which he threw off the controls imposed on him by the Provisions of Oxford in 1258.

Between Sunday 27 March and Saturday 3 April, Henry III was at the Tower of London, a place where normally he would never live, much preferring his palace at Westminster.  Having at the start of the year, escaped from the ruling council imposed in 1258 and recovered control over his seal, he had been based at the Tower since February, the great fortress providing  a secure base from which he could defy the gathering opposition to his demarche. Letters Henry wrote in this week showed his anxieties. He cautioned his Poitevin half brother, William de Valence, expelled in 1258, against returning to England, doubtless fearing the storm it would provoke, and also expressed his hope that the arbitration of the king of France might settle his quarrels with Simon de Montfort. The  fine rolls of this week, however, suggest a different picture, that of business as usual.  Henry (or his ministers) issued orders about the running of two royal manors, Brill in Oxfordshire and Havering in Essex. The money arising from Brill  was to be sent to the Exchequer at Westminster, so clearly this was still seen as a safe place for the king’s money, even if he himself was at the Tower.   There were also twenty individuals who bought writs from the chancery to progress the legal actions in which they were involved. Clearly they were perfectly prepared to enter the Tower of London to get these.

William heads the list of most popular male names in the Henry III Fine Rolls

Wednesday, March 16th, 2011

To complement the recent blog on the frequency of female first names recorded in the Fine Rolls for the years 1216-1242, herewith the equivalent male names.

Frequency Name
1217 William
669 John
495 Richard
434 Robert
376 Henry
365 Ralph
351 Thomas
346 Walter
337 Roger
297 Hugh
261 Geoffrey
218 Simon
200 Adam
180 Nicholas, Peter
157 Gilbert
110 Alan
110 Phillip
88 Reginald
83 Stephen
66 Elias
65 Alexander
52 Osbert
44 Eustace
42 Andrew, Matthew
40 Ranulf
39 Michael, Warin
37 Godfrey, Hamo, Jordan
35 Baldwin, Martin
28 Humphrey
27 Gerard
25 David, James, Laurence
24 Herbert
22 Hervey
21 Bartholomew, Luke, Maurice
20 Gervase
19 Fulk
17 Ernald, Eudo, Guy, Josceus, Nigel
16 Benedict, Bernard, Hubert, Isaac, Milo, Oliver
15 Brian
14 Payn
13 Alvred, Edmund, Odo
12 Edward
11 Aymer, Theobald
10 Abraham, Ernisius, Everard, Jacob, Thurstan
9 Aaron, Clement, Giles, Reiner, Waleran
8 Drogo, Gregory, Rolland, Samson, Vincent
7 Bertram, Engeram, Godwin, Jocelin, Lambert, Mosse, Patrick, Richer
6 Ailwin, Amfrid, Augustine, Edwin, Ratikin, Walkelin
5 Alard, Anselm, Arnulf, Bonefey, Colin, Denis, Joel, Llywelyn, Saer, Sampson, Swain, Vivian
4 Ailric, Daniel, Deodatus, Ernulf, Hamelin, Jollan, Osmund, Paulinus, Randulf, Salomon, Samuel, Seman, Sewal, Silvester
3 Ailbric, Albert, Albinus, Charles, Constantine, Fulcher, Leo, Manasser, Norman, Odard, Roland, Savaric, Ursellus, Warner, Wido, Wymer
2 Absolom, Ailmer, Aldr’, Anketillus, Ansell, Archibald, Arnold, Aubrey, Berengar, Bonamy, Bruno, Christopher, Conan, Copin, Dyay, George, Gruffydd, Gwenwynwyn, Hasculf, Herlewin, Hugues, Ilger, Imbert, Joldwin, Joscepinus, Jukell, Lefsi, Louis, Lumbard, Lyulf, Macy, Madoc, Mar’, Marmaduke, Mauger, Orm, Otuel, Picot, Reimund, Reinfrid, Reinger, Reymund, Rhys, Rocelin, Serlo, Siward, Terricus, Theodoric, Urs, Wigan, Wimer, Winneis, Wischard, Wormund
1 Afonso, Acer, Acius, Adrian, Ailfric, Ailif’, Ailmund, Ailred, Ailward, Aimeric, Albizium, Albric, Aldred, Algrym, Alnothus, Aluffus, Alfward, Alpeis’, Alwfyn, Amandus, Amioter, Amis, Ancelin, Ang’, Anger, Angerus, Angevin, Angod’, Anketil, Ansketil, Ansty, Arnald, Arnaud, Arnewic, Ascelin, Askelin, Askell, Askeltillus, Astinus, Athelstan, Aucher, Auclerc, Aunger, Autry, Azo, Baldekin, Baldewar, Bayo, Benjamin, Berner’, Boneme, Brice, Brictmar, Brightulf, Brito, Bron, Buchard, Burward, Cocky, Cok, Costericus, Cradoc, Cundo, Deulobene, Doun, Duncan, Dunstan, Durand, Durant, Duva, Edwy, Eglinus, Eigus, Eilmer, Eiward, Elevered, Elgar, Ellemus, Elwin, Elyaduk’, Engelard, Engeler, Enguerrand, Enjuger, Eston’, Estur, Everwin, Fabian, Fadoc, Falkes, Farramus, Ferrand, Florence, Florent, Flourecoc, Fobert, Folbruth, Fordemus, Fraricus, Frarius, Frayo, Fred, Frederick, Freme, Gemmion, Gerebert, German, Giacomo Piero, Gilmichel, Gimell, Gocelin, Gocius, Godard, Godefeld, Godescallus, Goding, Godric, Gomund, Gospatric, Gosse, Gotel, Graland, Greiland, Griffin, Guala, Guibert, Gundwin, Guner, Gunther, Gwrgeneu, Gymer, Haco, Hacon, Haghemund, Hammecok’, Harekin, Harold, Hascoil, Hasculph, Hay, Heinfrid, Helmewi, Heltonus, Hengest, Hereward, Hilary, Hoel, Honorius, Humbert, Huward, Ingelbert, Innorus, Iorwerth, Isoldus, Jakelin, Jean, Jekell, Jer, Jeremy, Jerman, Joscelin, Josse, Julian, Jurnet, Jurninus, Ketelbert, Lambin, Langus, Lecard, Lefrich, Lefwin, Leon, Leverum, Lisewus, Lithulf, Liulf, Mabba, Mack, Magnus, Maillard, Mainer, Mairin, Malger, Malveisin, Markewart, Mathias, Meer, Meiler, Meredudd, Merus, Odbert, Odinell, Oenius, Oger, Orderic, Orguilus, Ormer, Osa, Otewy, Otta, Otto, Owain, Palmer, Pandulf, Peitevin, Pentecost, Perceval, Picot’, Pinch, Poitevin, Pykot’, Quentin, Randulph, Renauld, Reymond, Rhys, Roald, Rochulf, Roeland, Rogo, Rumfar’, Russell, Saher, Saladin, Salekin, Samar’, Samariellus, Segar, Seignuret, Semarus, Semayne, Sewic, Sigar, Simeon, Sinulf, Solomon, Stannard, Suetrich, Sunnolf, Swein, Thebaut, Theodore, Thibaud, Thorald, Thoreword, Tollanus, Tony, Traher, Tristan, Turgot, Turkild, Turkill, Turswereys, Ulf, Ulfketell, Urban, Urricus, Vigan, Vitalis, Vivard, Vives, Vivon, Wad’, Waldethus, Walding, Walerand, Wales, Walon’, Wandregisilius, Westereis, Wichtmer, Wimarc, Wugan, Wulgar, Wuluric’, Wyard, Wybertus, Wymarc, Wynan, Wyremund’, Ywanus, Wurmund, Zacharias

Female Names in the Fine Rolls from 1242-8

Wednesday, March 16th, 2011

On 20 December I blogged about the frequency of women’s first names in the Fine Rolls from 1216-42. In addition to the 205 names listed on that occasion, I can now add another 36 female first names that occur in the Fine Rolls from 1242-8, bringing the total to 241 for the period 1216-48. These additional names are:

Adele
Alexandra
Argia
Bela
Belasez
Belia
Benigner
Blanche
Clara
Cuntus
Custantia
Devorguilla
Emecina
Ethelburga
Galiena
Gwenlilan
Gwladys
Imayne
Letewaria
Letitia
Licorice
Lya
Natalia
Nicola
Orabl’
Osamunda
Pavia
Preciosa
Rachel
Sanchia
Sapientia
Sauncelina
Scolastica
Sigerida
Theopania