Archive for August, 2010

Consent and the Community of the Realm

Tuesday, August 17th, 2010

Over the last week I have been trying to plan out a chapter on Henry III’s crusade, foreign policies, and management of Gascon affairs between 1243 and 1254.  Yesterday I read a remarkable paper, alas unprinted, by Nicholas Vincent on ‘Henry III, Frederick II and the council of Lyons (1245)’.  This is based on evidence in hitherto unknown letter collections, the most striking of which, from Glastonbury abbey, contains a unique copy of an appeal made  at the papal council at Lyons by   Roger Bigod, earl of Norfolk, Philip Basset, baron, and Henry de la Mare, knight, styling themselves ‘actores et nuncii universitatis regni Anglie’.  The substance of the appeal was the claim made by Bigod and his colleagues,  on behalf of ‘the community of the whole realm, communitate totius regni’ that the ‘magnates and people’ had never consented to King John’s submission of England to the papacy. As Vincent observes, ‘what is remarkable’ here ‘is the degree to which [Bigod and his colleagues] claim the assent of the universitas or communitas regni’.

Those who keep an eagle eye on the Fines of the Month will realise at once why this new evidence made me sit up!   In the FOM for last May – ‘Consent to taxation, the community of the realm, and the development of parliament: the aid of 1245’, I showed, from evidence in the fine rolls, how  chancery clerks in 1245 (the very time of Bigod’s appeal)  were themselves writing about taxation ‘a tota communitate regni nostri nobis concessum’, and also deciding that the aid of 1245 had not received such consent. No more on this now. I may take it further in a future ‘Fine of the Month’.

Posted on behalf of David Carpenter.

Help with Place Name Identification

Thursday, August 12th, 2010

The Project Team would greatly appreciate your help with identifying the following places:

1 Bitha (Yorkshire) – CFR 1245-46, no. 122.
2 Dichhull’ (?Hampshire) – CFR 1242-43A, no. 608.
3 Excho (Yorkshire) – CFR 1243-44, no. 99.
4 Fackel’/Fackele – CFR 1245-46, nos. 97, 288; 1247-48, no. 600.
5 Henneham (?Yorkshire) – CFR 1242-43, no. 238.
6 Hoens’ – CFR 1247-48, no. 535.
7 Lameyton’ (Somerset) – CFR 1246-47, no. 284.
8 Middelton (?Bedfordshire) – CFR 1247-48, no. 324.
9 Moreys (?Devon) – CFR 1242-43, no. 209.
10 Northle – CFR 1247-48, no. 531.
11 Rudon’ (Cornwall/Devon) – CFR 1244-45, no. 300.
12 Scalebrok – CFR 1246-47, no. 339.
13 Stratton’ (?Bedfordshire) – CFR 1245-46, no. 373.
14 Trostormot – CFR 1245-46, no. 660.
15 Waderington’ – CFR 1243-44, no. 87.
16 Wosemers’ (marsh, Essex) – CFR 1244-45, no. 285.
17 Wylesl’ – CFR 1247-48, no. 101.

Welcome to the blog for the Henry III Fine Rolls Project, 1216-1272

Thursday, August 12th, 2010

Welcome to the blog for the Henry III Fine Rolls Project.  We are delighted to announce the publication of our latest Fine of the Month, ‘Beyond respite: a case study in local power and authority during the minority of Henry III’ by Dr Colin Veach, an authority on the de Lacy family and their lands in England, Ireland and Normandy. In this essay, Colin shows how an entry in the Fine Rolls, in this case a mandate that granted Walter de Lacy respite from rendering his shrieval account for Herefordshire in 1219, can offer important insights into the crown’s weakness in the localities at this time, and into the damaging effect which the rivalries between the de Braose, de Burgh and de Lacy families had on royal authority in the Welsh Marches. This Fine of the Month will be of particular interest to those studying the history of the castles of Grosmont (Monmouthshire), Skenfrith (Monmouthshire) and Llantilio (Whitecastle, Monmouthshire), known collectively as the Three Castles.